Estimated IQ's of Famous Geniuses
A normal IQ, or intelligence quotient, ranges from 85 to 115 according
to the Stanford-Binet test. Only approximately 1% of all the people
in the world have an IQ higher than 135. 1926, psychologist Dr.
Catherine Morris Cox - who had been assisted by Dr. Lewis M. Terman,
Dr. Florence L. Goodenaugh, and Dr. Kate Gordon - published a study
"of the most eminent men and women" who had lived between 1450 and
1850 to estimate what their IQs might have been. The resultant IQs
were based largely on the degree of brightness and intelligence
each subject showed before attaining the age of 17.
Cox also found that different fields have quite widely varying
average IQs for their acknowledged leading geniuses. She gives the
following figures (the number in brackets is the number in the sample
considered): Philosophers (22) average IQ 173; Scientists (39) 164;
Fiction writers (53) 163; Statesmen (43) 159; Musicians (11) 153;
Artists (13) 150; Soldiers (27) 133.
Adult IQ's of Famous Geniuses:
|Bobby Fischer (Chess Player)
|Galileo Galilei (Astronomer/Philosopher/Physicist)
|Rene Descartes (Philosopher/Mathematician)
|Immanuel Kant (Philosopher)
|Charles Darwin (Naturalist)
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Composer)
|Albert Einstein (Physicist)
|George Eliot (Writer)
|Nicolaus Copernicus (Astronomer)
|Rembrandt van Rijn (Painter)
It is important to remember that the numbers given above are estimates.
Many individuals believe that IQ cannot be used to measure intelligence
because of the construction of the test and the fact that multiple
intelligences may exist. These considerations have to be taken into
account when looking at the IQ's of any individuals.